Dieting, exercise, and medication have long been regarded as the conventional methods to achieve weight loss. Sometimes, these efforts are successful in the short term. However, for people who are morbidly obese, the results rarely last. For many, this can translate into what’s called the “yo-yo syndrome,” where patients continually gain and lose weight with the possibility of serious psychological and health consequences.
Recent research reveals that conventional methods of weight loss generally fail to produce permanent weight loss. Several studies have shown that patients on diets, exercise programs, or medication are able to lose approximately 10% of their body weight but tend to regain two-thirds of it within one year, and almost all of it within five years. Another study found that less than 5% of patients in weight loss programs were able to maintain their reduced weight after five years.
Over the years, weight-loss surgery has proven to be a successful method for the treatment of morbid obesity. Surgical options have continued to evolve and Surgical Weight Control Center is pleased to be able to offer patients the Roux en-Y Gastric Bypass and BioEnterics LAP-BAND® System surgery. The Laparoscopic approach is the least traumatic and recovery time is a lot less. These procedures are unique tool that can help you achieve and maintain significant weight loss, improve your health, and enhance your quality of life.
The lap band system is an inflatable silicone band that is placed laparoscopically around the upper portion of the stomach, creating a small gastric pouch. This system limits the amount of food the stomach will hold at any time. The band is placed without cutting or stapling of the stomach and there is no intestinal re-routing to bypass normal digestion. With this minimally invasive surgery, patients generally experience reduced pain and scarring, a faster recovery period and it is adjustable and reversible.
The most commonly performed gastric bypass surgery is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in which staples are used to permanently close off part of the stomach to reduce the capacity of food a patient can consume at one time. Additionally, a Y-shaped piece of the upper intestine is attached to this small stomach pouch. As a result, food from the stomach bypasses the initial sections of the intestine, which would normally absorb calories and nutrients after eating.
Sleeve Gastrectomy is a type of restrictive weight loss operation. It reduces the amount of food you can eat by reducing the size of the stomach. A thin vertical sleeve, or narrow section of the stomach, is created by using a stapling device, removing the rest of the stomach. Populations of cells that may contribute in the stimulation of hunger are removed during this process. The remaining stomach “sleeve” is roughly the size of a small banana. This procedure limits the amount of food you can eat and helps you feel full sooner. It allows for normal digestion and absorption. Food consumed passes through the digestive tract in the usual order, allowing it to be fully absorbed in the body.
The majority of weight loss sleeve gastrectomies performed today use a laparoscopic technique, which is considered minimally invasive. Laparoscopic surgery usually results in a shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, smaller scars, and less pain than open surgical procedures.
With the Sleeve, there is no foreign object implanted within the body and no adjustments or “fills” are necessary. Also, since there is no malabsorptive component to the operation, nutritional deficiencies are uncommon. Weight loss from the Sleeve is similar to that of Gastric Banding, but is less than weight loss with Gastric Bypass.