Obesity - American British Surgical & Medical Centre
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Obesity

Common obesity related diseases:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart Attack and Stroke
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Gastro-esophageal Reflux

Obesity is a health epidemic around the world. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity is rapidly spreading across all regions and demographic groups.

Body Mass Index (BMI)


BMI is a calculation used to express how much a person is overweight. BMI is the best international classification of safe and unsafe weight according to the World Health Organization. It is calculated by dividing body weight in pounds by height in inches squared and then multiplying that amount by 705. The metric calculation for BMI is kg/m2. You can also calculate your BMI.

An obesity is classified into:

  • Overweight – having a BMI (body mass index) value between 25 and 30.
  • Obese – having a BMI value between 30 and 35. Obesity is a health risk.
  • Morbidly obese – having a BMI of 35 with a co-morbidity or more than 40. A person is also considered morbidly obese if they weigh between 50 and 100 pounds over their ideal weight. Morbid obesity is a significant health risk and is now regarded as a serious chronic disease.

Health Problems From Morbid Obesity


Somewhere between five and ten million Americans are considered morbidly obese. The National Institutes of Health US report that morbid obesity may considerably reduce life expectancy and is associated with an increased risk of developing certain diseases.

Diabetes
Morbid obesity increases your risk of diabetes by making the body resistant to insulin. Since insulin regulates the blood sugar level, you end up with high blood sugar which leads to Type Two (Adult Onset) Diabetes.
In 2000, the not-for-profit organization Shape Up America! introduced the term Diabesity® in their efforts to raise awareness of the increasing obesity in the U.S. and its connection to diabetes. They held national conferences in 2001 and 2003 which addressed not only adult obesity, but also childhood obesity, which is just as prevalent.

Heart Attack and Stroke
The heart works harder when you are carrying a lot of extra weight. High blood pressure (hypertension) develops and your risk of heart problems can increase by five to seven times. This can cause a stroke or a heart attack. High blood pressure can damage the kidneys as well as the heart. Patients with morbid obesity also develop right sided heart failure which eventually leads to congestive heart failure, ankle swelling and shortness of breath.

Osteoarthritis
The extra weight puts stress on the body’s joints, especially the hips, lower back, and knees. This wears them out prematurely and causes pain and inflammation which can eventually lead to osteoarthritis. The chronic strain on the back can lead to spinal problems, more pain, herniated discs, sciatica and less mobility.

Sleep Apnea
Large deposits of fat in the neck and tongue can block your air flow during sleep. You may snore and suffer from sleep apnea (multiple periods when you stop breathing). This in turn leads to fatigue and headaches during the day. Patients are susceptible to heart attacks and strokes during low oxygen levels while sleeping at night. People with sleep apnea area also more prone to fatal car accidents.

Gastro-esophageal Reflux
Excess fatty tissue puts an overload on the valve at the top end of the stomach. Stomach acid then moves up into the esophagus causing heartburn and acid indigestion. This condition is known as gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). In ten to fifteen percent of morbidly obese people it leads to Barrett’s esophagus, which is a pre-cancerous change in the esophageal lining.

Morbid obesity can develop into an untreatable condition known as “end-stage” obesity. In the meantime, it can have negative psychological, economic, and social effects on a person’s life, such as infertility, menstrual irregularities, incontinence and depression. As many as 600,000 people die each year as a result of morbid obesity. Please see our pages on Effects of Obesity and Obesity FAQs for more information.

Dr. Sedrak performs different surgery options for obesity. Please contact our office to schedule a consultation to discuss your surgery options. Take a tour of our patient testimonials to read about the dramatic life-enhancing effects bariatric surgery has had for them.

To learn more about obesity and whether you might be a good candidate for treatment, please contact bariatric surgeon Dr. Sedrak today and arrange for a personal consultation.